Common Knowledge of Chinese Culture

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Taoism

At about the same time that Confucius was endeavoring to get his principles adopted, there lived another of China's great men whose views were diametrically opposed to those of Confucius, and whose opinions, or whose reputed opinions, formed the foundations of a system as powerful over masses of the Chinese as Confucianism itself.  The man was called Lao Zi, the founder of Taoism, and his work was Dao De Jing. In this work, Lao Zi has elaborated his idea of the relations existing between the Universe and that which he called Tao. The primary meaning of this name of a thing, which he declares to be without name is The Way, hence it has acquired the symbolic meanings of the right course of conduct, reason, and it also signifies the word.

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